Summertime and Recycling #8: D&C 107. Part 6. Interregnum.

Here’s what’s happening so far: D&C 107 is a compilation of revelations. There are two major parts in the compilation, one from November 1831 and another from April 1835. In D&C 107 these are arranged in reverse chronological order. So, we’ve spent some time looking at the last part of D&C 107 (which came first!). Later we will look at the April 1835 segment which is of a rather different character than the 1831 segment. As these two revelations were combined in the 1835 D&C, still other revelations and regulations were interleaved in these texts to form what we now know as D&C 107. But for now we consider what happened in between these two major components. You really should read the previous parts to understand (and believe) what I’m going to say here.

Between the ca 1831 texts of the November 11 revelation and the 1835 Doctrine and Covenants text (section 3 of that first edition, 107 of the present edition) there were several developments. One was the important revelation of September 22, 23, 1832. (LDS D&C 84) In this revelation we see the beginnings of a taxonomy of priesthood, more nuanced than previous classifications but not yet mature.
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Summertime and Recycling #7. D&C 107. Part 5.

Continuing part 4.
Here we give the “second” revelation of November 11, 1831 in comparison with the KRB text. The KRB text is in the hand of Frederick G. Williams and it suggests more strongly that indeed the November 11 revelation is two revelations. Observe that the text never uses the word “quorum.” My use of the word in reference to these texts is only to provide context. The word would not appear in Joseph’s revelations until the 1835 Doctrine and Covenants. Moreover, during his lifetime, it would be used in a much looser way than LDS use it now.
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Summertime and Recycling #5. D&C 107. Part 3: More Background.

We continue our discussion of the November 11, 1831 revelation (see part 1 and part 2) with the second portion, in the handwriting of Oliver Cowdery.
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Summertime and Recycling #4. D&C 107. Part 2: Beginning of the Nov. 11 Revelation.

We continue from part 1 with what is essentially that portion of the text of the (second) revelation of November 11, 1831 in the hand of John Whitmer.[1]
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Summertime and Recycling #3. D&C 107. Part 1: Background.

This will keep the vacation going!——–

Section 107 of the LDS Doctrine and Covenants is often quoted as fundamental in determining succession in the presidency of the church (indeed, it was so quoted in the post martyrdom conference of August 1844). It plays a role in outlining the organizational structure of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints as well as some other parts of the post-Joseph Smith Mormon diaspora. The focus of D&C 107 is priesthood structure and church government. It is a remarkable document for many reasons and I will not try to cover each aspect of the text in these posts.
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The Sacrament Prayers

Yesterday as I sat in church listening to boys offer those prayers on bread and water, it struck me forcibly that they were Nephite literature, from their golden age. What poignant readings they must have been for those eyewitness parents who watched children “not” remember Him and drift through doubt, skepticism and finally, unbelief. Even as literary objects alone, they seem a slice of joy and pain.

D&C 10. Part 6. Verses 42-70.

Part 5 is here.

The earliest text for verses 1-41 of D&C 10 is the Book of Commandments. However, an earlier copy of verses 42-70 is found in Revelation Book 1 (the Book of Commandments and Revelations ms published in the opening volume of the Joseph Smith Papers’ Revelations and Translations series). The RB 1 dates this entry to April 1829. But there may be reasons to think of it as somewhat later than this.
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D&C 10. Part 5. Verses 30-41.

This segment of the revelation continues the discussion of the manuscript thieves and their designs in using it. The role of Satan in the theft or at least in the plans for using the manuscript is fleshed out. There is some hint at the content of the lost manuscript and it appears that in some ways if must be inferior to the proposed alternate text. As usual, changes from the 1833 Book of Commandments and the 1835 Doctrine and Covenants are indicated in red. We discuss some aspects of these following the comparative text. While the text on the right is from the 1835 publication, we have inserted modern verse numbers in the 1835 text for easy reference.
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D&C 10. Part 4. Verses 20-29.

[Part 3 is here.]

In this part we consider verses 20-29 of the 1981 edition, but display the text from the Book of Commandments and the 1835 Doctrine and Covenants.
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Errata for Joseph Smith Papers Revelations and Translations: Manuscript Revelation Books

I thought I had put this up, but no. So here is the link to the errata for this landmark volume. I may have noted that the collector’s edition is available, if so, consider this a second notice for that. I’m sure there are copies left, if you want one ($225.00 if I recall). You can contact Esther Recksiek at the SLC Deseret Book store for info I think. They also have a coll. ed. of the Monson bio ($145), and McConkie’s Messiah series ($500) (150 sets $10 shipping).

I’m actually going to finish the series of posts on D&C 10. It’s just been a busy time.

D&C 10. Part 3. Text Evolution in Verses 1-19.

This continues part 1 and part 2 of the discussion. I’ve been very busy lately and have not had time to complete the discussion of D&C 10. However, this part has been in the can for some time, and so I thought I should put it up to prove I have not disappeared! Enjoy.

Like many of Joseph Smith’s canonical revelations, the text of D&C 10 underwent modification over time. In this part we look at text evolution from the Book of Commandments imprint to the 1835 D&C for verses 1-19 of the latter (that text is very close to the current LDS 1981 edition and we use its verse structure for ease of reference). We repeat the parallel texts (in a modified way) from part 2 for this purpose. Altered text is in red, eliminated text in blue:
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James Adams. Part 3. Conference. Textual Landmarks.

[Cross posted from By Common Consent]

Part 1 is here, part 2, here.

As you watch General Conference this weekend, appreciate it for some of the textual certainties. And you never know what you may hear.
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Spirit

Mormon pronouncements on the meaning of “spirit” (I’m thinking of statements like D&C 131:7) are interesting, but for the most part seem to be jousting at thin air these days. Latter-day Saints are mostly ignorant (in my limited experience) of the issues that make the tone of this passage seem just a little combative.
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D&C 10. Part 2. Internal Structure Verses 1-19.

You can read part 1, here.

In this part, we look at the first 19 verses of D&C 10 and compare them to the first imprint which occurs in the Book of Commandments. [We take the view here that the plates of Mormon are an authentic object. While allowing the opposite possibility is certainly done and does not effect the internal literary analysis of the Book of Mormon text particularly, it makes our enterprise here much less interesting, D&C 10 then turns into a prooftext for a lying Joseph Smith.]
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D&C 10. Part 1. External Characteristics.

Recently we took a rather detailed look at some aspects of D&C 107 which plays a remarkable role in LDS Church structure and function. (See here for Parts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12).

We now turn to another of Joseph Smith’s revelations. Section 10 of the 1981 edition of the LDS Doctrine and Covenants is an interesting text for several reasons. It seems to mark a transition in the nature of Joseph Smith’s revelations. Moreover, an internal analysis of the text offers certain mysteries and curiosities. We will investigate some of these in this series. First though, an external picture of the text.
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